Copyright (c) 2019 Isa Ardahanlı
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Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Psychosocial factors are important in the development and prognosis of CVD. Psychosocial risk factors such as lack of social support, work and family life stress, depression, anxiety, personality type have been shown to worsen both coronary heart disease development risk and clinical process and prognosis in many studies conducted for many years. In addition, some psychobiological and behavioral mechanisms have been defined. In clinical practice, psychosocial risk factors should be identified and medical outcomes discussed with the patient. Risky patients with clinical symptoms of anxiety and depression should be guided for professional mental health assistance. In cardiac rehabilitation, psychosocial interventions, including cognitive therapy, problem-solving therapy, and stress management programs, can be performed alone or in combination with other interventions.
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